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Cubans traditionally consumed half their output; by 1923 they smoked 80% of their production.1925 Of the 3,300 cigar workers using automated machines, only 157 were men. Nearly 80% made less than 00/year; 10% of the women made less than a week, mostly in PA.1927 Cuba establishes the Comision Nacional de Propaganda y Defensa del Tabaco Habano.
The protection of the cigar business of Cuba was thus entrusted to an official organization whose goal was to secure measures for domestic stabilization but also for developing an intensive campaign to expand markets for Cuban cigars and cigar tobacco.1928 Banders working by hand could put on 7,000 cigar bands in a day.
Introduces “the new Autokraft wooden cigar box,” made with the latest technology.1931 US Government rules that the Navy must buy domestic cigars when within US waters, but admits it cannot prevent them from buying Cuban cigars when outside US territorial waters.
The law relieves tobacco products intended for ships stores from paying taxes.
The newly available banding machine, tended by two not so nimble girls who got paid less, applies 30,000 cigar bands a day.
A hard working youngster could foil wrap about 2,400 cigars a day. Company makes ODEN, SAN FELICE, EMERSON, EL VERSO and ownse substantial portion of Bernard Schwartz Cigar Co., maker of R. DUN and BRADSTREET.1930 After the death of Celestino Lopez, the Tampa firm of Arango y Arango agrees to take over the brands belonging to Arguelles, Loipez & Bro.: TADEMA, INFINITO, LORD BYRON, FLOR DE GASTON, EL TIPO, EL SUCCESO, LA ALCOVA, ME LEAH and EL ROCCO.1930 The country’s 6,976 smallest cigar factories made 5.2% of the US output.
Florida’s cheap cigars (5¢ or less) outsold Florida’s high-priced cigars (20¢ or more), something they didn’t publicize.1912 H. The 24% classified as “mid-size” made 40% of the total, whereas 75% of US factories combined to make 10% of the output. Maker of FAVORITE PLAYERS, PAY DAY, JENNY LIND 5¢ cigars, JOLLY FELLOWS 2/5¢ cigars and KALO 3/10¢ cigars.1919 First fully automated cigar machine introduced in US. A decade later, more than 4,000 would be in production, making more cigars in an hour than a hand-roller could do in a day, at about half the daily wage cost.1919 Membership in the CMIU drops 40% in NYC because of the strike of 1919.
Fendrich, maker of LA FENDRICH, CHARLES DENBY and many custom brands, opens huge new plant in Evansville, Indiana, capable of 350,000 cigars a day. Van Huystee, immigrants from the Netherlands, open a cigar factory in London, Ontario, Canada. Of the 26,000 registered cigar factories, only 50 roll more than 25,000,000 a year.1915 Canadian Government issues new series of tax stamps the same as 1897, but redated and printed only in black. One quarter of cigar rollers remain members, but in New Jersey less than 3% of cigar rollers are unionized.
In 1941 Americans still dipped a 1/3 of a pound of snuff and still smoked 1 1/2 pounds of pipe tobacco.By 1910 exports dropped to 15,000,000 packs; by 1920 less than 10,000,000 by 1923 only 2,000,000.Cuban in-island consumption rose dramatically, aided in part by lavish use of insert carts, including nudies.80% of cigar makers nationwide are women, and the lowest paid, generally as strippers and machine operators.“Never hire a man if you can get a woman” was employer’s creed.